fci - standard N° 148 (13.07.2001)
Mr. Paschoud and his collaborators, updated by Mrs.C.Seidler.
ORIGIN : Germany.
date of publication of the original valid standart:
Hunting dog above and below ground.
Group 4 Dachshunds.
With working trial.
brief historical summary:
The Dachshund, also called Dackel or Teckel, has been known
since the Middle Ages. From the « Bracken », dogs
were constantly bred which were specially suitable for hunting
below ground. From these short legged dogs, the Dachshund
evolved and was recognised as one of the most versatile and
useful breeds of hunting dogs. He also has excellent achievements
above ground, hunting while giving tongue, searching and tracking
wounded game. The oldest Club devoted to the breeding of Dachshunds
is the « Deutsche Teckelklub » e.V., founded in
For decades the Dachshund has been bred in three sizes (Teckel,
Miniature Teckel and Rabbit Teckel) and in three different
kinds of coat (Smooth-haired, Wire-haired and Long-haired).
Low, short legged, elongated but compact build, very muscular
with cheeky, challenging head carriage and alert facial expression.
His general appearance is typical of his sex. In spite of
his legs being short in relation to the long body, he is very
mobile and lithe.
With the distance above ground level of about one third of
the height at withers, the body length should be in harmonious
relation to height at withers, about 1 to 1,7 - 1,8.
behaviour / temperament:
Friendly by nature, neither nervous nor aggressive, with
even temperament. Passionate, persevering and fast hunting
dog with an excellent nose.
Elongated as seen from above and in profile. Tapering uniformly
towards the nose leather yet not pointed. Superciliary ridges
clearly defined. Nasal cartilage and bridge of nose, long
Skull : Rather flat, gradually merging with
the slightly arched nasal bridge.
Stop : Only indicated.
Nose : Leather well developed.
Muzzle : Long, sufficiently broad and strong.
Can be opened wide, split to level of eye.
Lips : Taut fitting, covering the lower jaw
Jaws/Teeth : Well developed upper and lower
jaw. Scissor bite, even and closing firmly. Ideally, complete
set of 42 teeth according to requirements for a dog’s
mouth with strong Canines exactly fitting into each other.
Eyes : Medium size, oval, set well apart,
with clear energetic yet friendly expression. Not piercing.
Colour bright, dark reddish brown to blackish brown in all
coat colours. Wall, fish or pearl eyes in dapple dogs are
not desired but may be tolerated.
Ears : Set on high, not too far forward.
Sufficiently long but not exaggerated. Rounded, not narrow,
pointed or folded. Mobile with front edge lying close to cheek.
Sufficiently long, muscular. Tight fitting skin on throat.
Lightly arched nape of neck, carried freely and high.
Upper line : Blending harmoniously from neck to slightly
Withers : Pronounced.
Back : Behind the high withers, topline running
from the thoracic vertebrae straight or slightly inclined
to the rear. Firm and well muscled.
Loins : Strongly muscled. Sufficiently long.
Croup : Broad and sufficiently long. Slightly
Chest : Sternum well developed and so prominent
that slight depressions appear on either side. The ribcage,
seen from the front, is oval. Seen from above and the side,
it is roomy, giving plenty of space for the heart and lung
development. Ribs carried well back. With correct length and
angulation of shoulder blade and upper arm, the front leg
covers the lowest point of the sternal line in profile.
Underline and Belly : Slight tuck up.
Not set on too high, carried in continuation of topline.
A slight curve in the last third of the tail is permitted.
General : Strongly muscled, well angulated.
Seen from front, clean front legs, standing straight with
good strength of bone; feet pointing straight forward.
Shoulders : Pliant muscles. Long sloping
shoulder blade, fitting close to chest.
Upper arm : Equal in length to shoulder blade,
set almost at right angle to same. Strong boned and well muscled,
close fitting to ribs but free in movement.
Elbows : Turning neither in nor out.
Forearm : Short, yet so long that the dog’s
distance from the ground is about one third of its height
at withers. As straight as possible.
Pastern joints : Slightly closer together
than the shoulder joints.
Pastern : Seen from the side, should be neither
steep nor noticeably inclined forward.
Front feet : Toes close together, well arched
with strong, resistant, well cushioned pads and short strong
nails. The fifth toe has no function but must not be removed.
General : Strongly muscled, in correct proportion
to forequarters. Strong angulation of stifles and hock joints.
Hindlegs parallel standing neither close nor wide apart.
Upper thigh : Should be of good length and
Stifle (joint) : Broad and strong with pronounced
Lower thigh : Short, almost at right angle
to upper thigh. Well muscled.
Hock joint : Clean with strong tendons.
Hock : Relatively long, mobile towards lower
thigh. Lightly curved forward.
Hind feet : Four close knit toes, well arched.
Standing firmly on strong pads.
giat / movement:
Movement should be ground covering, flowing and energetic,
with far reaching front strides without much lift, and strong
rear drive movement should produce slightly springy transmission
to backline. Tail should be carried in harmonious continuation
of backline, slightly sloping. Front and hindlegs have parallel
HAIR : Short, dense, shiny, smooth fitting,
tight and harsh. Not showing any bald patches anywhere.
Tail : Fine, fully but not too profusely coated. Somewhat
longer guard hair on underside is not a fault.
a) Whole-coloured : Red, reddish yellow, yellow, all with
or without interspersed black hairs. A clear colour is preferable
and red is of greater value than reddish yellow or yellow.
Even dogs with strongly interspersed black hairs are classed
as whole-colour, not as other colours. White is not desired
but single small spots do not disqualify. Nose and nails black.
reddish-brown is also permissible but not desirable.
b) Two-coloured : Deep black or brown, each with tan or yellow
markings (« Brand ») over eyes, on sides of muzzle
and of lower lip, on inner edge of leathers, on forechest,
on inside and rear side of legs, also on the feet, round the
vent and from there reaching to about one third or one-half
of the underside of the tail. Nose and nails black in black
dogs, brown in brown dogs. White is not desired but single
small spots do not disqualify. Tan or yellow marking («
Brand ») too wide spread is undesirable.
c) Dappled (Tiger-brindle, brindle) : The basic colour is
always the dark colour (black, red or grey). Desired are irregular
grey or beige patches (large patches not desired). Neither
the dark nor the light colour should be predominant. The colour
of a brindle Dachshund is red or yellow with darker brindle.
Nose and toenails are the same as with the whole- and two-coloured.
HAIR : With exception of muzzle, eyebrows
and leathers, perfectly even close fitting, dense wiry topcoat
with undercoat. The muzzle has a clearly defined beard. Eyebrows
are bushy. On the leathers, the coat is shorter than on the
body, almost smooth.
Tail : Well and evenly covered with close fitting coat.
COLOUR : Dominantly light to dark wild boar
colour as well as colour of dry leaves. Otherwise same colours
as described under Smooth-haired a-c.
HAIR : The sleek shiny coat, with undercoat
and close fitting to body, is longer at the throat and on
underside of body. On leathers the hair must extend beyond
the lower edge of ears (feathering). Distinct feathers on
rear side of legs. Achieves its greatest length on underside
of tail and there forms a veritable flag.
COLOUR : As described in Smooth-haired a-c.
size and weight / important measurements:
Dachshund : Circumference of chest 35 cm.
Upper weight limit about 9 kg.
Miniature Dachshund : Circumference of chest
from 30 to 35 cm measured when at least 15 months old.
Rabbit Dachshund : Chest circumference up
to 30 cm measured when at least 15 months.
Weight : Standard Dachshund up to about 9 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered
a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
• M3 (Molar 3) are not to be considered when judging.
Lack of 2PM1 (Premolar 1) is not to be penalised. The absence
of PM2 should be regarded as a fault, if other than M3, no
other teeth are missing, also a departure from the correctly
closing scissor bite.
• Weak, long-legged or body trailing on ground.
• The absence of teeth other than those described among
« faults » or « eliminating faults ».
• Wall eye in any colour other than dapple.
• Pointed, very folded ear leathers.
• Body suspended between shoulders.
• Hollow back, roach back.
• Weak loins.
• Marked running up at rear (croup higher than withers).
• Chest too weak.
• Flanks with whippety-like tuck up.
• Badly angulated fore- and hindquarters.
• Narrow hindquarters, lacking muscle.
• Cow hocks or bow legs.
• Feet turning markedly inwards or outwards.
• Splayed toes.
• Heavy, clumsy, waddling movement.
SMOOTH -HAIRED DACHSHUND :
• Coat too fine or thin. Bald patches on leathers
(leather ear), other bald areas.
• Coat much too coarse and much too profuse.
• Brush like tail.
• Tail partially or wholly hairless.
• Black colour without any marking (« Brand »).
WIRE-HAIRED DACHSHUND :
• Soft coat, whether long or short.
• Long coat, standing away from body in all directions.
• Curly or wavy coat.
• Soft coat on head.
• Flag on tail.
• Lack of beard.
• Lack of undercoat.
• Short coat.
LONG-HAIRED DACHSHUND :
• Coat of equal length all over body.
• Wavy or shaggy coat.
• Lack of flag (tail).
• Lack of overhanging feathering on ears.
• Short coat.
• Pronounced parting in coat on back.
• Hair too long between toes.
• Very anxious or aggressive nature.
• Overshot or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
• Faulty position of the lower canines.
• Absence of one or more canines; absence of one or
• Lack of other premolars or molars.
Exceptions : The two PM1, one PM2 without consideration of
M3, as mentioned under Faults.
• Chest : Sternum cut off.
• Any fault of tail.
• Very loose shoulders.
• Knuckling over in pasterns.
• Black colour without markings (Brand); white colour
with or without markings (Brand).
• Colours other than those listed under “Colour”.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities
shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently
normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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